Immunisation, is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the immunogen).
When an immune system is exposed to molecules that are foreign to the baby (non-self), it will orchestrate an immune response, but it can also develop the ability to quickly response , but it can also develop the ability to quickly respond to a subsequent encounter.
This is a function of the adaptive immune system , therefore , by exposing an animal to an immunogen in a controlled way, their body can learn to protect itself: this is called active immunization
Phototherapy is a form of medical treatment in which some form of light is used to address a medical issue. You may also hear Phototherapy referred to as "light therapy" Depending on the patient and the condition, phototherapy may be performed in a doctors' office or at home.
A pulse oximeter is a medical device that indirectly measures the oxygen saturation of a patient's blood (as opposed to measuring oxygen saturation directly through a blood sample) and changes in blood volume in the skin, producing a photoplethysmograph. It is often attached to a medical monitor so staff can see a patient's oxygenation at all times. Most monitors also display the heart rate. Portable, battery- operated pulse oxymeter are also available for home blood oxygen monitoring. The original oxymeter was made by Milliken in the 1940s.
A blood-oxygen monitor displays the percentage of arterial hemoglobin in the oxyhemoglobin configuration.
Acceptable normal ranges are from 95 to 100 percent , although values down to 90% are common for a patient breathing room air, at not far above sea level. An estimate of arterial pO2 can be made from the blood oxygen monitor SpO2 reading
Blood tests are used to determine physiological and biochemical states, such as disease, mineral content, drug effectiveness and organ function.
Although the term blood test is used, most routine test (except for most hematology) are done on plasma or serum, instead of blood cells.
A basic metabolic panel measures sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, blood urean nitrogen (BUN), magnesium, creatinine and glucose. It also sometimes includes calcium.
Growth monitoring is widely accepted and strongly supported by health professionals and is a standard component of community pediatric services throughout the world.
Growth monitoring consists of routine measurements to detect abnormal growth, combined with some action when this is detect abnormal growth, combined with some action when this is detected. It aims to improve nutrition, reduce the risk of death or inadequate nutrition, help educate careers and lead to early referral for conditions manifest by growth disorders.
* Assess growth and development.
* Screen for early signs of disease.
* Schedule immunizations.