The dilatation and curettage procedure is called D&C. The D stands for dilatation, which means enlarging. Curettage (the C) means scraping. Together, this procedure involves expanding or enlarging the entrance of a woman's uterus so that a thin , sharp instrument can scrape or suction away the lining of the uterus and take tissue samples.
Today, the procedure is routine and considered safe. It is minor surgery performed in a hospital or ambulatory surgery center or clinic. D&C is usually a diagnostic procedure and seldom is the rapeutic. It may stop bleeding for a little while (2- months), then the prior abnormal bleeding tends to return.
A generation ago, many women were not given this option for so-called female problems. instead, they were left with the option of hysterectomy (complete removal of the uterus/womb) or other major augury.
The pap test, also called a pap smear, checks for changes in the cells of your cervix. the cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens into the vagina (birth canal). the pap test can tell if you have an infection, abnormal (unhealthy ) cervical cells, or cervical cancer.
A pap test can save your life. It can find the earliest signs of cervical cancer. If caught early, the chance of curing cervical cancer is very high. pap test can also find infections and abnormal cervical cells that can turn into cancer cells. Treatments can prevent most cases of cervical cancer from developing.
It is important for all women to have pap test, along with pelvic exam, as part of their routine health care. You need a pap test if you are :
21 years or older Under 21 years old and have been sexually active for 3 years or more.
Infertility is usually defined as the inability to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex. according to statistics collected by the centers for disease control (CDC) 6.1 million women between the ages of 15 to 44 have an impaired ability to have children and 2.1 million married couples are experiencing infertility. The statically study also found that 9.2 million women had made use of infertility services at some time in their life.
infertility affects women and men equally. According to the American society of reproductive medicine, one third of infertility cases are due to female factor infertility, one third are due to male factor infertility, and the remaining third due to problems from both sides, or unexplained reasons.
This might be a good time to look at some infertility myths and consider what infertility is not.
* Barrier Methods
* Natural Contraception
* Intrauterine contraceptive device
* Steroidal Contraception
* Male - Vasectomy
* Female - Tubectomy
A Caesarean section (or cesarean section in American English), also known as c-section or Caesar, is a surgical procedure in which incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus ( hysterectomy) to deliver one or more babies. It is usually performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk, although in recent times it has been also performed upon request for childbirths that could otherwise have been natural. the world health organization (WHO) recommends that the rate of caesarean sections should not exceed 15% in any country.
Due to extended hospital stays, both the mother and child are at risk for developing a hospital-borne infection.
Studies have shown that mothers who have their babies by caesarean take longer to first interact with their child when compared with mothers who had their babies vaginally.